Understanding the Factors of Human Needs

Understanding the Factors of Human Needs
Human Needs Factors - Understanding, Influencing, Kinds, Income, Technology, Satisfaction Tools: When one need is met, another need will emerge. Things like this why is that ?? because the nature of human needs is unlimited. Basically, humans are never satisfied.

Unlimited Needs
Understanding Human Needs
As humans we certainly have needs, if one need has been met, other needs will arise. Things like this why is that ?? because the nature of human needs is unlimited. Basically, humans are never satisfied.
This concept has already been explained by classical school thinkers like Adam Smith. According to him, every economic activity of the community is driven by the principles of putting one's own interests (needs) first.

Factors That Influence Human Needs
For the needs of humans themselves continue to increase and change due to various factors, including:
Age factor
Surely you still remember what you need when you were a baby. When new born our main needs are milk and baby diapers. At the age of four months we already need mashed foods such as porridge. A few months later we have eaten more varied foods. After entering school age, you need formal education. Starting from elementary, middle and high school.

During school your needs also increase, such as:
Likewise, when you get married and have a family, your needs continue to grow. This shows the type or number of needs always increases with age.

Education Factors
Human needs also develop along with the level of education. When you sit in elementary school. Your needs are certainly not as much as when you sit in the middle school bengku. For example for school supplies, when in elementary school you need not as much as in junior high. When in high school like now, you need more books. That's only in terms of school equipment.

Technological Factors
Technological developments also affect needs. Now you are used to seeing people talking by telephone while traveling. This is a result of the development of mobile technology which produces mobile phones. By having a cellphone, people are easier to communicate, more stylish and not considered not to understand technology.
People also feel that the cellphone is a necessity that is no less important than food or clothing, so it is not uncommon to see people who always switch cell phones to keep up with the development of the technology.

Revenue Factor
Try to pay attention to the people who are around where we are, of course, can distinguish between those who have high incomes and those who have low incomes. Are their needs different ?? Take a look at why your neighbor uses a car while traveling while some only pedal their bikes.
Thus proving that the high and low income greatly influences the needs. Maybe your neighbor is only pedaling the bicycle and will later change the motorcycle when the income increases.

Population Factor
The need will be greater along with population growth. This is certainly easy for you to understand. And pay attention to your family, each family member must have their own needs. for example you need food for three times a day, three pairs of uniforms, two pairs of shoes and so on. This is the greater the number of family members, the greater the variety of needs.

Likewise in a broader scope such as the state, you can see from the size of the state budget (APBN) which continues to increase along with the increase in population.

Ad Factor Or Product Promotion
In modern life, human needs are also heavily influenced by the development of new products and product promotion through various mass media. For example, often we buy a product just because the product advertisement often appears on television. Advertising is designed to influence consumers' perceptions that the product fits the needs of potential customers.

Human Needs
Kind - Kind of Human Needs
The Following Are Various Kinds Of Human Needs.

Needs According to Intensity of Use
Needs according to intensity (level) of use are measured by priority or measure the level of importance of a need. Kinds of needs according to their intensity are:

Primary needs
Primary needs are the main needs that must be met to maintain human survival in a reasonable manner. According to the ILO (International Labor Organization) that primary needs are minimal physical needs of the community, related to the adequacy of basic needs of each community, both rich and poor. These basic needs include adequate food and nutrition, clothing, housing, education, health services and other supporting facilities such as transportation, drinking water supplies, a sense of security, and so on.

Secondary need
Secondary needs are needs that are complementary to primary needs and these needs are only met after the primary needs are met. This need does not mean that it is not important, because as a civilized human being, people who live in a community really need a variety of other things that are broader and perfect, both regarding the quality, quantity, and type. Examples of secondary needs include television, refrigerators, motorbikes, and other needs that support primary needs.

Tertiary Needs
Tertiary needs arise after primary and secondary needs are met. In general, this tertiary need is called luxury, because the fulfillment of its needs is aimed at luxury goods that are only done by high-income people. For example diamond jewelry, luxury homes, luxury cars, and others.

Needs According to Time of Fulfillment

Needs According to Time of Fulfillment
Distribution of needs on the basis of fulfillment time is divided into:
Needs Now
Current needs are needs that must be met now and cannot be delayed so that humans do not get into trouble. For example: medicine for the sick, drinking water for people who are thirsty, clothes for school, and so on. Another example of a safe and stable state is a need now, so that the Indonesian people can develop this country.

Needs to Come
The need to come is a need that can be met tomorrow. If these needs are not met, it will not be fatal to one's survival. For example, savings. Someone who saves, means he meets the needs to come.

Unexpected Needs
This need arises if something happens unexpectedly, which is incidental. For example, people who suddenly get sick will need medication or see a doctor.

All-Time Needs
This need happens all the time and there are no limits. For example, learning to study.

Needs according to their nature
According to their shape and nature, human needs are divided into:

Physical Needs
Physical needs are needs that are naturally felt by human physical or physical. These needs cover all material needs such as the need for food, clothing, sports, home, and others.

Spiritual Needs
Spiritual needs are those that have the need of spiritual satisfaction. This need is not apparent. Only the person concerned feels directly.
If this need is fulfilled, humans feel their inner needs are satisfied and they will feel proud, happy, happy or happy. For example, get love, entertainment, recreation, worship, and others.

Needs According to Subjects in Need
The division of needs according to the subject of need, divided into:

Individual Needs
Individual needs are needs that are useful for the fulfillment of personal satisfaction (individuals). For example, as a student your personal needs include uniforms, shoes, books, pencils, and others.

Social Needs
Social needs are needs that, if fulfilled, are beneficial to the interests of many people (collectively). These needs are related to togetherness, welfare, order, comfort, prosperity, and so on. For example, highways, public telephones, places of worship, hospitals, and others.

Satisfying Human Needs
Here Is A Tool To Satisfy Human Needs.
In terms of how to get it
Economic goods
Economic goods are goods that satisfy the needs that need to obtain a certain amount of sacrifice which is usually in the form of money. For example, to get food we have to spend some money. The money is a sacrifice.

Free goods
Free goods are goods that satisfy the needs that are almost unlimited so that to obtain them we do not need sacrifice and can take it for granted in nature. For example, air to breathe, sand in the desert, and ice at the poles.

Illith goods
Illith goods are goods that are needed but if these goods exceed the required items it will be harmful and dangerous. For example, water and fire.

In Terms of Use
Consumer goods
Consumer goods are ready-made goods because the benefits can be taken immediately. For example, food, drinks and clothing.

Production goods
Production goods are goods that are useful for producing other goods. Production goods is another term for capital goods. For example, sewing machines and radios.

In Terms of Relationship with Other Goods
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Substitution Goods
Substitution goods are goods that fulfill needs, whose function can replace other goods or can replace each other. For example, gas can replace kerosene as fuel.

Complementary Goods
Complementary goods are goods that satisfy needs that will be useful if used together with other objects. For example, cars with gasoline, needles with threads, and stoves with kerosene.

In Terms of the Making Process
Raw Goods (raw materials)
Raw goods are the basic ingredients for making other goods. This item has not yet undergone any processing. For example, cotton, wood and mining products.

Semi-finished goods are goods that have been processed, but cannot be used to fulfill needs because they have not become final products. For example, cloth for making clothes, iron for making knives, and flour for making cakes.

Finished goods
Finished goods are final products that have been processed from raw materials into semi-finished materials to become ready-made goods to meet human needs.

Grouping of Business Activities

Grouping of Business Activities
Businesses are of various types, and, as a result, businesses can be grouped in different ways.

is a business that manufactures products that are derived from compound or raw banhan, then sold for profit. For Example: Manufacturing is a company that produces physical goods such as cars.

Business services
is a business that produces intangible goods, and profit by charging for the services they provide.

Retailers and distributors
is a party that acts as an intermediary between producers and consumers.

Mining and agriculture business
is a business that produces raw goods, such as plants or minerals.

Financial business
is a business that benefits from investment and capital management.

Business Information
is a business that benefits primarily from the resale of intellectual property.

The utility
is a business that runs public services, such as electricity and water, and is usually funded by the government.

Real estate business
is a business that makes a profit by selling, renting and developing property, houses and buildings.

Bus transportation
business profits by providing goods or individuals from other locations.

Business Characteristics
In the world of economy, business has the following characteristics:
Social and economic institutions or institutions or organizations
Associated with a variety of goods and services that meet human needs.
Looking for profit, profit or profit.
Determine the appropriate price
There will be a possibility of loss
There are three important things in business, namely: producing goods and services, looking for profit, and maximizing consumer needs.

Types of Activities of a Business
Business activities as an organization, can consist of:
Production: creation of goods and services.
Finance: activities to find the funds needed to carry out trade activities.
Marketing: Activities to inform goods and services, identify consumer desires.
Human resource management: activities to find workers and improve their abilities.
The Purpose Of A Business
The business goal, according to Sternberg, is to multiply the values of the company's owners through the sale of goods or services. The intended value here is of course economic value or profit, simply the purpose of a business activity is to multiply the profits for the owner of the company or business by selling goods and services. The assertion that multiplying profits is the only objective of business is identical by saying that it is essential that business cannot be separated from capitalism.

Economic motives are every reason, encouragement, and activity carried out by a person or entity to carry out an economic action. The word Motive comes from the word motive (English), that is reason or mobilizer. Every reason will encourage people to do an activity, act or action. Every activity, action or action of a person is driven by a desire / motive to achieve certain goals.

Economic Action
Economic Actions are all human endeavors to meet unlimited needs with good consideration based on priorities to achieve prosperity.
Needs are human desires that demand to be fulfilled such as eating, drinking, clothing, housing, education, and so on.
Humans who try or work to earn income, meaning he has done economic action, because humans can use it to meet their daily needs.
Humans try to fulfill their needs, starting from the most basic needs (food, clothing and shelter needs) to higher needs (security needs, respect, self-esteem, and self-actualization).

Understanding of Business According to Experts

Understanding of Business According to Experts
Wider usage can refer to certain market sectors, for example, "television business." The most widespread use refers to all activities carried out by the community providers of goods and services. But the exact definition of "business" is still a matter of debate to this day.

Understanding of Business According to Experts
There are some experts who express their opinions about business, the following will be explained clearly.

Prof. Owen
Business is a company that deals with the production and distribution of goods to be sold back to the market or to provide prices for each item or service.

Urwick and Hunt
Business is every company that produces and distributes and provides goods or services needed by the community and on the basis of its willingness to buy or pay.

Mc. Naughton
Business is an exchange of goods, services or money with the aim of making a profit.

Business is a form of activity that aims to benefit those who are interested in or undertake that activity.

William Spregal
Said that business is an activity related to the production and distribution of goods or services that can be classified in business activities.

Stating that business is a complex whole in the fields of industry and sales, basic industries, processes, manufacturing and networking industries, insurance, banking, distribution, transportation and others which then enter comprehensively in the business world. The goal is to benefit those who work on it.

Merriam Webster
Business is all activities of making and buying and selling services and then exchanged for money, activities or work is a job and the number of activities is completed by a company, factory or shop.

Brown and Petrello
Business is an institution that produces goods and services needed by society. If the needs of the community increase, then the amount of production is increased to meet all the needs of the community while making a profit.

Business means activities in the supply of goods and services needed by consumers.

Musselman and Jackson
They argue that business is the total number of activities organized in the field of commerce and industry in the supply of goods and services to meet the needs of the community and can improve the quality of people's lives.

Basic Forms of Business Ownership
Private company
An individual company is a business whose ownership is held by one person. Individual business owners have unlimited liability on company assets.

Partnership is a form of business where two or more people work together to operate a company for profit. Just like an individual company, each partner (partnership) has obligations that are not limited to company assets. Guilds can be grouped into partnerships and limited companies.

A company is a business whose ownership is held by several people and overseen by a board of directors. Each owner has limited company assets.

Cooperative is a business consisting of people or legal entities based on cooperative activities under the principle of cooperatives as well as the people's economic movement based on the principle of kinship. The purpose of cooperatives is for the welfare of their members. The main characteristic that distinguishes cooperatives from other business entities is that cooperative members have multiple identities. Multiple identities mean that members of the cooperative are the owners and users of cooperative services.

The study of business operations efficiently and effectively is called management. The main branches of management are financial management, marketing management, human resource management, operations management, production management, strategic management, business intelligence and information technology management.

Definition of Business Opportunities

Definition of Business Opportunities and Business Risks in the Economy
Then the next entrepreneur must be able to calculate the risks that might arise when going to implement and transform it into a success in business.
After running an opportunity, entrepreneurs must be able to compete and survive as well as have competitive power with competitors so that in this case they are able to survive in the free market era.
In addition, entrepreneurs must also continue to develop and map other businesses that have profitable prospects in the future. One of the developments that have great potential to be able to advance a business is to use it.
And create creative and innovative products so that consumers feel satisfied. The following will discuss business opportunities and various risks that may be faced.

Business Opportunities and Business Risks
In this case a lot of business opportunities that exist around us, provided we want to find and ask questions. As a creative or prospective entrepreneur will be able to see so many business opportunities that have the potential to be created.
And how to identify existing business or business opportunities can be sought, as long as you want to work hard, be resilient and believe in yourself. To explore and take advantage of business opportunities, an entrepreneur must think positively and creatively among them in the following way.

Believe that business can be carried out.
Receive new ideas.
Ask yourself.
Listen to the advice of others.
Having a high work ethic.
Good at communicating.
There are times when someone who wants to open a new business is driven by an excessive sense of optimism, as a balance we must be able to evaluate the business.
Thus the discussion on the Definition of Business Opportunities and Business Risks in the Economy, hopefully with this review can add insight and knowledge, all of you, thank you very much for visiting
Etymologically, business means a situation where a person or group of people is busy doing work that produces profits. The word "business" itself has three uses, depending on its scope - the singular use of the word business can refer to business entities, namely juridical (legal), technical, economic and profit-seeking units.

Understanding of Business
In economics, business is an organization that sells goods or services to consumers, to get a profit or profit. Historically the business word business is English, busy from the word that means "busy" in society, community or individual contexts. In a sense, activities and busy work that brings benefits.
In a capitalist economy, where most businesses are owned by private parties, businesses are made to make profits and improve the welfare of their owners. The owner and operator of a business get rewarded according to the time, effort, or capital they provide. But not all businesses pursue profits like this, for example, collaborative efforts aimed at improving the welfare of all members or government institutions aimed at improving people's welfare.

Example Text Explanation of Social Phenomena

Example Text Explanation of Social Phenomena
The city is considered a work field for rural residents. The high population in Indonesia especially in metropolitan cities raises several problems, especially in the social and economic fields. The high price of a piece of land in an overseas area forced them into the urban areas to build in improper places which eventually led to slums. Slums are non-habitable settlements (dwellings / settlements) that are usually established illegally or not in accordance with applicable permits.
Many factors cause slums. The rapid flow of urbanization that is difficult to reduce is a key factor. The number of factories and companies in the city is a special attraction for the villagers. However, due to lack of provision in terms of both education and experience, they end up being unemployed. And in the end, establishing uninhabitable settlements. High poverty rates make them unable to buy building materials and parcels of land. Never mind buying even a piece of land to eat they lack.
Impacts arising from the emergence of slums include: reducing the beauty of the city, places that become slums will look disorderly and untidy, the emergence of community groups that can commit crimes at any time and anywhere, increase poverty in Indonesia, and many other adverse effects that will arise.
Slums or also known as squatter settlements are usually located on riverbanks. Elongated settlement patterns are the most popular in their implementation. This is due to the human tendency to build houses that are close to water sources. This also results in the function of the river being disrupted and causing other problems to arise. Not only on the banks of the river, but also in the middle of urban areas are usually clustered in small rented houses.
The pattern of settlement must be structured and planned. The government needs to take serious action on this matter because the function of urban planning will not be implemented properly, if slums are left unchecked. Construction of the towers as carried out by the Governor of DKI Jakarta, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama or commonly called 'Ahok'. He has built towers in places near the slums with pretty good facilities and at a low cost.
In prevention for urbanites not to move to cities is to provide guidance and guidance that they can actually be happy and prosperous in their own villages. Agricultural counseling is needed so that the majority of the villagers' livelihood as farmers become comfortable and comfortable living in the village.

Text Framework for Explanation of Social Phenomena (Slums)
Topic: The number of slums in big cities
Objective: To find out the causes and reasons for the large number of slums in big cities
Theme: Slum Ballad
Explanation Text Content Template:
Definition of slums
Factors - the emergence of slums
The impact caused by slums
Patterns of slums
Pattern of settlement of slums
Slum Settlement Text Explanation Structure:
General statement = Paragraph 1
Row of Explanation (contents) = Paragraphs 2, 3, and 4
Interpretation (Closing) = Paragraph 5
Example Explanatory Text About Tsunamis and Their Structures
On December 26, 2004 a devastating natural disaster in Aceh that shocked the world, namely the Tsun ami disaster. A tsunami is a series of high-speed ocean waves. The tsunami originated from the Japanese language "tsu" which means harbor and "nami" which means wave.
Tsunamis occur as a result of sudden disturbance from the seabed. Disturbances can include volcanic eruptions, shifts in the earth's plates, and the fall of meteors. Because of the disturbance, the seabed surface moves up and down so the water seeks balance and a tsunami occurs.

Before the tsunami is usually marked by sudden receding water, an earthquake, and the number of fish on the beach. Tsunamis cause destruction, both for humans and nature. Like eating many victims, loss of property, destroying buildings, and damaging nature. There are several methods used to minimize the possibility of a tsunami, namely by planting mangroves and building tsunami barrier walls on the coastline.
Tsunamis can come at any beach and at any time. Most tsunamis harm humans. But there are also waves that are not large so it is not so detrimental. Because tsunamis can come at any time, we must always be vigilant, especially those who live near the coast. If there are signs of an earthquake, immediately evacuate to a higher and safer place.

Explanation and Structure of the Explanatory Text About Tsunamis
General Statement:
A tsunami is a series of waves that are formed by earthquakes or volcanic eruptions under the sea or land near the coast. Large waves can cause flooding and damage when hitting the coast
Row of Explanation:
Tsunamis are created when the seabed surface moves up and down (shifting plates on the seabed) along the fault during an earthquake.
Tsunamis can also be created due to volcanic eruptions which cause water movement in the sea or surrounding waters to be very high.
Tsunami waves that occur at sea go faster than normal waves. The waves spread in all directions with altitudes reaching 30-50 meters and speeds of around 800 km / hour.
When a tsunami wave enters shallow water, its speed will decrease and its height will increase. The height of the wave depends on the shape of the beach and its depth.
Not all earthquakes and volcanoes can cause tsunamis. Tsunamis can cause great damage to humans. The greatest damage occurred when the tsunami waves hit human settlements so that they dragged everything in their path.
Thus the complete discussion. hopefully with these reviews can add insight and knowledge of you all, thank you very much for your visit.

Example of Unemployment Explanation Text

Example of Unemployment Explanation Text
Earthquakes are vibrations or shocks that occur due to the movement of the rock layers that originate from the bottom or subsurface of the earth. Natural events that often occur in areas close to volcanoes and also in areas surrounded by vast oceans.
The earthquake occurred because of the shifting of the earth's lower layers and the terrible volcanic eruption. In addition, earthquakes occur so quickly with such a devastating impact. Therefore, the consequences are extraordinary. Earthquake vibrations are very strong and spread in all directions so that it can destroy buildings and cause casualties.
Based on the cause of the occurrence, earthquakes can be classified into two, namely tectonic earthquakes and volcanic earthquakes. Tectonic earthquakes occur because the layer of the earth's crust becomes precarious or soft so it experiences movement. The "Tectonic Plate" theory contains an explanation that our earth consists of several layers of rock. Most of the crustal area will be washed away and float in layers, like snow.
This layer moves so slowly that it breaks and collides with one another. That is why earthquakes occur. Meanwhile, volcanic earthquakes occur because of an extremely devastating volcanic eruption. This volcanic earthquake is less common when compared to tectonic earthquakes.
Earthquakes can occur at any time, without knowing the season. However, earthquake concentrations tend to occur in certain places, such as the Pacific Plate boundary. This place is known for its ring of fire because of the many volcanoes.

Identify the language features of the text according to the color markers for each language option.
Focus on general things (generic), not human participants (nonhuman participants), for example earthquakes, floods, rain and air.
It is possible to use scientific terms.
Use time conjunctions or clauses, for example if, if, so, before, first and then.
The language is concise, interesting and clear.

Purpose of the Explanation Text
Explanations are used to calculate why things turn out that way. Exploration is more a process than about something.
Example: The purpose of the Earthquake explanation text is to explain the process / phenomenon of earthquakes.

Example of Unemployment Explanation Text 2
Social phenomenon "Unemployment"
Unemployment is one of the social phenomena related to aspects of employment which is a problem in society. Like a disease, which chronically attacks aspects of social life. Many handling formulas have been taken, but this problem has not yet been resolved. Not only in Indonesia, this unemployment problem is found in almost all countries. Every government in the world, makes the problem of unemployment the main agenda.
In general, many interpret that unemployment is adults who do not work, are looking for work or do not have a formal job and do not get income. In addition, the Central Statistics Agency "BPS" specifically defines unemployment, ie people who work less than 1 hour every week.
There are some very basic factors that cause unemployment. Unemployment usually occurs because of the gap between job seekers and job opportunities. Unemployment can also be caused by structural changes in the economy. This change raises the need for workers with different types or levels of skills. So the qualifications possessed by job seekers do not match the existing demands. And what often also happens is unemployment caused by termination of employment with employees and laborers.
As a result of unemployment that is causing various economic and social problems for those who experience it. People who do not have a livelihood also do not earn income and those who do not earn cannot spend money to buy the necessities of life. If the number of unemployed people is certain, social chaos will arise, the number of homeless people will increase rapidly, then the potential to cause crime.
From the whole description above, it is clear that unemployment is a big problem that must be immediately sought a solution. The real step that can be taken is to improve employment conditions. With better employment conditions, social violence due to unemployment can be reduced or overcome.
And besides that, improving the composition of graduate graduates produced and adjusted to the needs of the labor market. An even better step is if we are able to provide adequate skills for those of working age so that they can create their own jobs. All these steps must be taken immediately so that the problem of unemployment is immediately resolved.